Author: Kraz Greinetz

Kraz Greinetz is a second year law student at Duke University, where he serves as a staff editor on the Journal of Constitutional Law and Public Policy. He formerly served as a Dave Kennedy Fellow at the Institute for Justice. His interests include maps, elections, maps of elections, and college football. He can be reached at [email protected]

Article One, Section Four of the Constitution (the Congressional Elections Clause) says “The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.” The clause’s terms seem facially clear: state legislatures choose the time, place, and manner of elections for Senators and Representatives. But legislatures alone do not choose election schemes. Ballot measures, state courts, executive departments, and commissions all play a large role in determining how…

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